Example Queries

We show several example queries here. To run the following examples, first import verdict and create its instance as follows:

import verdict
v = verdict.presto(presto_host='presto')

Traditional Mode

Use the sql(query_string) method to obtain a single accuracy-guaranteed answer. The error level can be specified at query time (1% relative error, by default) .


To see details of the class of SQL queries supported by Verdict, see Query Syntax.

Count with arbitrary filters

select l_shipmode, count(*)
from hive.tpch_sf1.lineitem_premerged
where l_shipdate >= date '1994-01-01' or l_shipdate <= date '1995-01-01'
group by l_shipmode
order by l_shipmode

Joins of two large tables

select o_orderstatus, count(*)
from hive.tpch_sf100.lineitem_premerged l inner join
     hive.tpch_sf100.orders_premerged o on l_orderkey = o_orderkey
group by o_orderstatus
order by o_orderstatus

Exists predicate expressed using a join (TPC-H Q4)

    count(*) as order_count
    hive.tpch_sf100.orders_premerged o left join
        select l_orderkey, count(*) exist_count
        from hive.tpch_sf100.lineitem_premerged
        where l_commitdate < l_receiptdate
        group by l_orderkey
    ) t on o_orderkey = l_orderkey
    o_orderdate >= date '1996-05-01'
    and o_orderdate < date '1996-08-01'
    and exist_count > 0
group by
order by

Stream Mode

Simply change sql to sql_stream. Then, verdict returns an iterator from which you can obtain a series of answers that converge to the exact one. Often, this is called progressive analytics. For example,

Count with arbitrary filters

results_itr = v.sql_stream("""
select count(*)
from hive.tpch_sf100.lineitem_premerged
where l_returnflag = 'R' and
      (l_shipdate >= date '1994-01-01' or l_shipdate <= date '1995-01-01')

for result in results_itr:

These successive results can be used by upfront applications (e.g., visualization libraries) to deliver the results in a more intuitive way.